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Classes / Homework
Departments » Social Studies

World History Period 3 (Period 2)

Location: 133
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TEST 1 REVIEW WORDS

History/Herstory - the history of all people, men and women

Power and Authority - Power can be taken, authority is given

Primary / Secondary Sources - closer in time and distance, most likely to be a primary source

Religion / Ethical Systems - different religions, ethical systems is individual choices

Interaction with environment - done by tech, everything's the environment

Revolution - when rules are broken and you create change

Economics - trade, can change (circumstantial)

Cultural Interaction - music, food, language, can be shared and is being shared via globalization

Empire Building - empires are made by people, leave an influence

Science And Technology - Understand environment/Manipulate environment

Globalization - a process , which is involving the whole globe


Fire- First technology. Examples of its importance - can be used for communication, can help you stay warm, can help cook food, can give power and authority (can create weapons be used as a weapon), can serve as a light source.

History - is written

Pre-history - history before writing -

Ancient man / Woman - focused on needs and not wants. Used Fire, needed to communicate (thus paintings- cave paintings assignment).


*Judaism - first example of MONOTHEISM.

Polytheism - worship of more than one god
Monotheism - worship of one god

Civilizations - complex societies due to specialization of roles
Agriculture - using plans and animals effectively which leads to SURPLUS (extra)


Egypt -

Hatshepsut - female Pharoah, expanded Egypt through trade
Rames II - expanded Egypt through war

Mummies - not all created equal (financial status), still around thanks to CHEMISTRY
Pyramids - great monuments, most famous, GIZE
Dynasty - power passed through to family,

AROUND 3000BC - around when first civs started (Egypt, china, India),
Nile River - important for life to Egyptians


India -
Indus River Valley - first Indian civilization , mysterious due to untranslated writing and their mysterious disappearance
Himalayas - mountain range that divides India and China, most famous Mt. Everest
Vedas - a group of religious poems, originally transmitted orally
Hinduism - major religion from India, most important Veda is the Bhagavad Gita,
Caste System- a system in India of dividing people by Social classes, including one that was lower than even the lowest division - Untouchables
Reincarnation- using karma (good or bad decisions in life) you could move up or down the Caste system, UNLESS you were an untouchable
Buddhism- a religion that seeks to find PEACE via letting go of attachments and desires
The Gupta - last major civ studied for India, important contributions in math (#0) and Astronomy (reasons for day and night)


China -

The shang dynasty - first dynasty from ancient chinese civilization
Oracle bones - writing found from Shang Dynasty
Mandate of heaven - stated that those in power had the "support of the heavens"...if you no longer had power, then you lost the support.
The Warring states period - a period of great violence and chaos in China, large part of China became a killzone
The art of war - a book written on military strategy that reflected one of the first possible solutions to the warring states period (military solution). The book states all warfare is based on deception
Confucianism - The second attempted solution to the warring states period, philosophical answers. Confucianism taught peace through emphasizing human relationships. the most important relationship was between the farther and the son. The golden rule - treat others how you want to be treated. Confucius writings were the "Analects"

Spirits - Asian cultures, especially early Chinese, believe in a multitude of spirits (water spirit, air spirit, etc)
Qin Dynasty - reunited China after Warring states period, created the GREAT WALL,
Han dynasty -final studied dynasty in China, invented the silk road(a trade route which helped exchange culture between east and west), and gunpowder (created by mistake when they were trying to create an elixir of immortality



Week 1 -
1)Prehistory - History BEFORE writing. (Writing = history)
2)Archaeology - the study of pre-history AND history using Fossils and Artifacts
3)Hunter Gather - ancient people were hunter/gatherers they hunted and gathered food.
4)FIRE - was the first technology, and helped humans interact with the environment
5)Agriculture - using animals and plants effectively which creates a SURPLUS (extra food) 6)Civilization - complex society which comes from humans SPECIALIZING (no longer during just one thing like hunting, but now able to do multiple things)

History / Herstory -
  Written history, the study of all people, man AND woman

Power and authority -
    Authority is given by people, power can be TAKEN
   
Primary / Secondary Sources -
TIME AND DISTANCE…the closer you are in time and distance to an event, the most likely you are a primary source. If you are father away from a historical event in time and distance, the most likely you are to be a secondary source


Religion / ethical systems –
            Many different religions exist, with their own rules. However ethical systems are your personal decisions, which are not bound by religious rules.

Interaction with environment –
            You can interact with the environment using technology, like traveling in the environment using a car.


Revolution
A great change that occurs, often bloody. Often when a rule is established which is generally not liked or agreed on, thus people rebel.


Economics -
    Trade


Cultural interaction  -
    Different cultures sharing things with each other, for example music.  


Empire building -
    PEOPLE build empires, once empires get large enough, they can have a major influence on others.


Science and technology -
  Science - the study of the environment
Technology – the tools used to interact with the environment