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Classes / Homework
Departments » Social Studies

World History Period 6 (Period 6)

Location: 133
Teacher:



MIDDLE SCHOOL OPEN HOUSE ANNOUNCEMENT -

I will NOT be available for the Middle-School Open House date of Wednesday, September 12, 2018. I will however be available for the HIGH-SCHOOL Open House date of Tuesday, September 18, 2018. Middle-school parents, if you would like to learn more about the class and meet me in person, please feel free to attend the High-School open house as both 8th graders and 9th graders are taking the same course. In addition to this date, you can also schedule a one-to-one meeting if you prefer via my mater lakes email - nhernandez@materlakes.org.

Thank you.

Mr. Hernandez


TEST 1 REVIEW -

Test 1 -

History/Herstory - the history of all people, men and women

Power and Authority - Power can be taken, authority is given

Primary / Secondary Sources - closer in time and distance, most likely to be a primary source

Religion / Ethical Systems - different religions (Buddhism, Christian, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism) - normally have rules, ethical systems is individual choices and/or decisions

Interaction with environment - done by tech, everything's the environment

Revolution - when rules are broken and you create change

Economics - trade, can change (circumstantial)

Cultural Interaction - music, food, language, can be shared and is being shared via globalization

Empire Building - empires are made by people, leave an influence

Science And Technology - Understand environment/Manipulate environment

Globalization - a process , which is involving the whole globe


Fire- First technology. Examples of its importance - can be used for communication, can help you stay warm, can help cook food, can give power and authority (can create weapons be used as a weapon), can serve as a light source.


History - is written
Pre-history - history before writing


Ancient man / Woman - focused on needs and not wants. Used Fire, needed to communicate (thus paintings- cave paintings assignment).


Archaeology - the study of ARTIFACTS + FOSSILS to determine Prehistory AND History

    Fossils - made by living things

    Artifacts - made by humans

Carbon/dna/soil levels - Fossil dating methods


Geologists - scientist who study the earth. work closely with archeologists to give us pre-history and history


Hunter-Gatherer - earliest humans were hunter gatherers, lived by hunting small animals and gathering plants. Remember your caveman and woman activities.


FIRE - first tech that helped humans pass the point of hunter-gatherer


STONE AGE - because of what we are talking about, this ancient age is known as the STONE AGE. This was the age of hunter gatherer, stone tools, large families, homo-sapiens surviving, etc.

Out of Africa Theory - thanks to discovery of fossils such as LUCY, we believe all early humans originated from Africa. This is a THEORY.

Neanderthals - early hominids who were bigger and stronger than us (homo-sapiens) but lost the evolutionary battle of survival due to their perceived lack of language.

Homo Sapiens - us, human beings. We had language which allowed us to survive not only animal hunts but also battles with Neanderthals.

Families - ancient men and women had LARGE families

Domesticate - involves using BOTH plants AND animals, changing their behavior to improve the lives of humans

BC- Before Christ
BCE - Before Common Era
AD- After Death
CE- Common Era


Agriculture - the use of plants and animals effectively giving us SURPLUS (extra) which allows us to later specialize

Specialization - once we get agriculture and no longer need to concentrate on only hunting and gathering , now we can do other things, which leads to roles such as artists and traders, or even priests. People having different roles is specialization.

Civilization - a complex society due to to specialization of people and village growth

Rivers - all civilizations started near rivers

Mesopotamia - the original name for the location of the area where Sumer is

Ziggurat - the most important building in Sumer, was important for religious reasons (sacrifices, religious festivals, etc) and administrative reasons (city cleaning, city planning, city governing etc)

Priests...THEN Kings - Sumer had priests as the most important rulers first since the Ziggurat, which served religious functions, was the most important location. Later as invasions occurred, kings became more important.

Sumer - first civilization

Barter- trading without money

Cuneiform - Sumerian invention of writing

Modern concept of time - Sumerian invention of days, minutes, hours

Akkadian Empire - FIRST empire ever, took over Sumer, which by definition of an empire (one civilization which takes over another) made them the first empire . Their ruler (king) was known as Sargon.

Babylonian Empire - The second empire ever. Their King was Hammurabi, and his code, was important because it was the first PUBLICLY VISIBLE set of laws.





Week 1 -
1)Prehistory - History BEFORE writing. (Writing = history)
2)Archaeology - the study of pre-history AND history using Fossils and Artifacts
3)Hunter Gather - ancient people were hunter/gatherers they hunted and gathered food.
4)FIRE - was the first technology, and helped humans interact with the environment
5)Agriculture - using animals and plants effectively which creates a SURPLUS (extra food) 6)Civilization - complex society which comes from humans SPECIALIZING (no longer during just one thing like hunting, but now able to do multiple things)

History / Herstory -
  Written history, the study of all people, man AND woman

Power and authority -
    Authority is given by people, power can be TAKEN
   
Primary / Secondary Sources -
TIME AND DISTANCE…the closer you are in time and distance to an event, the most likely you are a primary source. If you are father away from a historical event in time and distance, the most likely you are to be a secondary source


Religion / ethical systems –
            Many different religions exist, with their own rules. However ethical systems are your personal decisions, which are not bound by religious rules.

Interaction with environment –
            You can interact with the environment using technology, like traveling in the environment using a car.


Revolution
A great change that occurs, often bloody. Often when a rule is established which is generally not liked or agreed on, thus people rebel.


Economics -
    Trade


Cultural interaction  -
    Different cultures sharing things with each other, for example music.  

Empire building -
    PEOPLE build empires, once empires get large enough, they can have a major influence on others.

Science and technology -
  Science - the study of the environment
Technology – the tools used to interact with the environment